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First-Trimester Symptoms, Dos and Don’ts for New Moms


Congratulations on your pregnancy! The first trimester is an exciting and transformative time as your body adjusts to accommodate the growing life within you. Understanding the changes and symptoms that occur during this period will help you navigate this beautiful journey with confidence and ease. However, there are some things that you should be aware of during the first-trimester. We’re going to share some symptoms and dos and don’ts to ensure a healthy and enjoyable pregnancy.



1. Breast Changes:

During the first trimester, your mammary glands enlarge, causing your breasts to swell and become tender in preparation for breastfeeding. To support your changing breasts, it’s important to wear a supportive bra that offers comfort and proper fit. You may also notice that your areolas enlarge and darken, and small white bumps called Montgomery’s tubercles may appear. These changes are normal and indicate the body’s preparation for nursing.


Dos: Wear a supportive bra to provide comfort and reduce discomfort.

Don’ts: Ignore any unusual lumps or changes in your breasts; consult your healthcare provider if you notice anything concerning.



2. Urinary Frequency:

As your uterus grows, it begins to exert pressure on your bladder, leading to increased urinary frequency. This is a common symptom during the first trimester.


Dos: Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, and empty your bladder regularly.

Don’ts: Hold your urine for extended periods, as it can increase the risk of urinary tract infections.


3. Hormonal Changes and Mood Swings:

Fluctuations in hormone levels can cause mood swings similar to premenstrual syndrome. You may experience irritability, emotional sensitivity, or other physical symptoms.


Dos: Practice self-care and engage in activities that help you relax and manage stress. Communicate your feelings with your partner, friends, or healthcare provider.

Don’ts: Neglect your emotional well-being. Seek support if you find yourself struggling with mood swings or emotional changes.


4. Morning Sickness:

Many expectant mothers experience morning sickness, which can cause nausea and sometimes vomiting. Despite its name, morning sickness can occur at any time of the day.


Dos: Eat small, frequent meals to prevent an empty stomach. Consume ginger or peppermint tea, which can help alleviate nausea. Consult your healthcare provider for safe remedies if symptoms become severe.

Don’ts: Avoid skipping meals, as an empty stomach can exacerbate nausea.


5. Digestive Changes:

The high levels of progesterone during pregnancy can slow down intestinal contractions, leading to constipation, heartburn, indigestion, and gas.


Dos: Eat a fiber-rich diet, stay hydrated, and engage in regular physical activity to promote healthy digestion. Consult your healthcare provider about safe over-the-counter remedies for constipation or indigestion.

Don’ts: Consume foods or beverages that trigger heartburn or worsen digestive discomfort.


6. Fatigue:

The physical and emotional demands of pregnancy can cause extreme tiredness during the first trimester.


Dos: Prioritize rest and sleep. Listen to your body’s signals and take breaks when needed. Engage in light exercise and maintain a balanced diet to boost energy levels.

Don’ts: Overexert yourself or push through excessive fatigue. Rest is essential for your well-being and the healthy development of your baby.


7. Cardiac Changes:

During pregnancy, your cardiac volume increases to accommodate the extra blood flow required for the developing fetus. This may cause an increased pulse rate.


Dos: Stay active with low-impact exercises recommended by your healthcare provider to promote cardiovascular health.

Don’ts: Engage in strenuous activities or exercises without proper guidance.


Fetal Development and Vulnerability:

The first trimester is a crucial period for fetal development, with all major organs and body systems forming. However, the fetus remains vulnerable to external factors.


Dos: Attend regular prenatal check-ups, follow your healthcare provider’s guidance, and take prenatal vitamins. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a nutritious diet and avoiding harmful substances.

Don’ts: Expose yourself to tobacco, drugs, alcohol, radiation, or toxic substances that can harm your developing baby.


Embrace the joy and excitement of your first trimester while taking care of yourself and your growing baby. By being aware of the common symptoms and following the dos and don’ts discussed in this article, you can navigate the first trimester with confidence, ensuring a healthy and memorable pregnancy journey. Remember to consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice and support throughout this beautiful experience, and if you would like to work with a doula – virtually or in person, you can find one right here on MILK!

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